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Natural Gas Frequently Asked Questions

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What Is Natural Gas?

Natural gas is a non-renewable fossil fuel, which is a combination of gases mainly consisting of methane (CH4) with smaller amounts of propane, ethane and butane in addition to carbon dioxide, nitrogen and traces of some other gases.

How Was Natural Gas Formed?

Natural gas is formed over millions of years from the decayed animal and plant matter that has been deposited into the Earth and subjected to massive heat and pressure over time forming natural gas. For more details on how natural gas is formed visit how natural gas is formed

Where Can Natural Gas Be Found?

Natural gas can be found all over the world. The top ten countries that are the largest producers of natural gas in order of the largest first are -

  1. Russia
  2. Iran
  3. Qatar
  4. Saudi Arabia
  5. United Arab Emirates
  6. United States
  7. Algeria
  8. Venezuela
  9. Indonesia
  10. Nigeria

How Is Natural Gas Transported?

Natural gas is transported via high-pressure pipelines that are usually buried under the ground. These high-pressure pipelines can transport huge amounts of gas, over very long distances. Importantly, the pipelines are regularly checked for leaks or damage.

What Is Natural Gas Used For?

Natural gas is a highly useful fossil fuel that can be used in a number of commercial, residential and industrial ways. You can find out what it is used for in detail at uses of natural gas

How Much Natural Gas Is Left?

Recent figures suggest that there is approximately 5,149.6 trillion cubic feet of natural gas reserves left in the world today. This is rather rapidly decreasing due to the demand for natural gas worldwide.

Can We Keep Up With Demand For Natural Gas?

Arguably, the answer would be no. Statistics from the United States suggest that if the current level of natural gas usage is maintained, there will be enough natural gas to last for just under 50 years. This statistic is based on the current natural gas reserves being used up. It is known that there are additional sources of natural gas that could be mined, but due to legislation and environmental concerns, the natural gas industry have not been able to explore further sites. Based on the dwindling amount of natural gas available in current sites, this governmental policy may change out of necessity.

Does Natural Gas Cause Pollution?

Natural gas is the cleanest burning fossil fuel, much cleaner than coal and oil. The level of carbon released through the burning of natural gas is very much less than coal and oil and there are fewer harmful by-products such as ash or soot. A main constituent of natural gas is methane which when compared with carbon dioxide, gives off a great level of greenhouse gases, however, the level of methane expelled is very small indeed and as a whole natural gas is certainly considered the less harmful fossil fuel in terms of emitting greenhouse gases. Find out more about this area at natural gas and the environment

Is Natural Gas Safe?

Natural gas is a safe means of energy production when utilised in a controlled way. The natural gas industry is very highly regulated and the pipeline system is heavily monitored. Due to the fact that natural gas is colourless and odourless the natural gas industry adds an odorant so that if there is a leak in a domestic environment, the householder should be able to smell that there is a leak. It is not dangerous to inhale small amounts of natural gas and because it is lighter than air, it will disperse quickly. However, it is important to note that natural gas is highly flammable and it can cause an explosion if it is mixed with air in small concentrations.

What Is Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG)?

Liquefied natural gas (LNG) is natural gas that has been super cooled to Minus 260 degrees Fahrenheit. At this temperature, the gas becomes liquid, which makes the fuel 600 times smaller than the space needed for the natural gas in its natural form. Due to the less space needed when in LNG form, it makes it easier to transport.

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